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托福独立写作“媒体科技类”的素材表达

2017-12-21 17:29

来源:realskill

作者:西安新东方 蔡润光

  托福写作科技媒体类题目涉及内容

  1.科技的影响(工作、学习、生活)

  2.政府 & 科技(太空探索,理论研究)

  3.现代媒介 vs传统媒介

  4.传媒的作用

  必备表达

  科技的利弊

  Pros

  Cutting edge technology 尖端技术

  Technological innovations/inventions/advances/progressions 技术创新和进步

  1.提高工作效率

  Augment/enhance/boost efficiency/productivity

  Liberate accountants from repetitive and complex calculations that are Time-consuming and exhausting

  2.方便信息检索

  Information regarding(concerning/pertaining to) any area can be immediately accessible

  Easily obtain/attain/access information

  3.促进交流

  Facilitate communication /transcend geographical barrier

  Communicate on a global scale/across the globe

  4.方便生活

  Facilitate people’s daily commuting

  Multiple household appliances (air-conditioners---enjoy comfortable lives without worrying about whether it is hot,cold or rainy outside; refrigerators preserve food for longer ; vacuum cleaners--energy-saving & time-saving)

  5.丰富生活

  Spice up/enrich people’s life

  Leisure time

  Listening to music, surfing the internet or watching digital movies

  6.医疗科技

  CT-scans and B-type ultrasound scans aid doctors in diagnosing illness for patients

  With the invention of certain targeted vaccines, people finally put an end to rampant epidemics/eliminate deadly diseases.

  Cons

  1.污染

  Abuse of industrial chemicals has caused irreversible consequences

  Increasing automobiles bring about air pollution

  2.伦理问题

  Ethnic problems caused by cloning human beings

  3.侵犯隐私

  Violate/intrude on/infringe on one’s privacy

  Infected by viruses & attacked by hackers

  4.阻碍交流

  Overexposure to...

  Socially isolated

  Impede/hinder communication

  利弊权衡

  Double-edged sword 双刃剑

  Advantage/merit/strength/benefit 优点

  Disadvantage/demerit/weakness/defect/drawback/shortcoming 缺点

  (Far) outweigh/overshadow/outshine 大于

  投资科技的优点

  Inspire/stimulate/nurture/attract scientific minds

  Turn out to be fruitful much later

  Exert far-reaching/profound effect/impact

  社交传媒的利弊

  Pros

  Disseminate information

  Keep in touch with/reconnect with old friends

  Bridge previously insurmountable physical distances

  Promote public participation and civic engagement

  Objective, unbiased and truthful reporting

  Inform people with updated news

  Cons

  The validity of this information cannot always be verified

  Misleading, misrepresented, distorted news

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