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新型冠状病毒的“新”为什么不用new而用novel

2020-02-10 16:05

来源:新东方北京学校

作者:王梅

  这几天一直在关注每日更新的世卫组织发布的疫情报告,边看边感叹托福真是一个神奇的考试,提升英语和扩大知识面的同时,真是有很广的适用范围。

  在这个特殊的时期,让我们边“宅”着,边一起认真看看这些报告里和托福有关的,现在有用、未来考试也有用的小知识吧。顺便也测测自己在小quiz环节,能不能有亮眼的表现~

  7个疫情报告核心词

  novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) 新型-冠状-病毒

  severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) 严重-急性-呼吸-综合征

  case 病例

  vaccine 疫苗

  therapy 治疗方案

  diagnosis 诊断

  mask 口罩

  10个托福和冠状病毒的交集点

  01 onset

  托福:开始

  疫情:发(病)

  阅读TPO50-1

  With the onset of economic depression in the late 1830s, however, state governments scrapped overly ambitious railroad projects.

  听力TPO27-L1(Q2)

  According to the professor, how might researches predict the onset of coral bleaching in the future?

  02 infection

  托福/疫情:感染

  听力TPO38-L2So the spectacular-looking tulips so common today are the result not of chance viral infections, but of carefully controlled breeding.

  03 outbreak

  托福/疫情:爆发(尤其坏事)

  听力TPO31-L3

  For example, during the 1960s, there was an outbreak of CoT starfish in the Great Barrier Reef, off the east coast of Australia.

  04 setting

  托福/疫情:场景

  阅读TPO13-1

  This happens in many work settings.

  听力TPO44-L2

  Did the whole play take place in one setting?

  05 transmission

  托福/疫情:传播

  阅读TPO46-3Third, in a species-rich ecosystem, diseases may spread more slowly because most species will be relatively less abundant, thus increasing the average distance between individuals of the same species and hampering disease transmission among individuals.

  06 source

  托福/疫情:来源/出处/根源

  阅读TPO45-3

  To survive at those levels, animals must maximize their energy input, finding and eating whatever potential food source may be present.

  听力TPO53L2

  First let’s mention that the sources of pollution are of two general types.

  07 treatment

  托福/疫情:疗法

  听力TPO44-L1Those kinds of treatments don't last very long.

  08 protocol

  托福/疫情:规约

  阅读TPO17-3it defined such matters as the authority of a ship's officers, protocols of command, pay structures, the rights of sailors, and the rules of engagement when ships met one another on the sea-lanes.听力TPO40-C1Service standard refers to what a company, employees, are ideally supposed to do in order for everything to operate smoothly, the protocols to be followed.

  09 droplets

  托福:小(水)滴

  疫情:飞沫阅读TPO4-3As muddy sediments are pressed together, the gas and small droplets of oil may be squeezed out of the mud and may move into sandy layers nearby.听力TPO44L1Light hits the water droplets and is scattered in random directions, causing the fogging effect.

  10 clinical

  托福/疫情:临床的听力TPO18L4I guess I just don’t see how it isn’t, you know, clinically dead.

  3个地道表达的完美示范

  01 adress

  Address crucial unknowns regarding clinical severity, extent of transmission and infection, treatment options, and accelerate the development of diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines.

  此处address的意思是:

  A.地址

  B.演讲

  C.称呼某人

  D.解决/处理

  (敲黑板:托福考试常考题哦

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