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托福写作高级形容词替换之中性词+贬义词篇

2018-07-27 15:50

来源:新东方网

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  今天小编给大家奉上托福写作中可以用上的中性词和贬义词的高级词汇替换,写作文时就把那些简单的词汇扔掉吧~

      【推荐阅读】托福写作高级形容词替换之褒义词篇

       中性形容词

  1、许多 many

  numerous ['njuːm(ə)rəs]

  Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area.

  过去这一带满目苍凉, 现在却有了无数的工厂。

  a host of

  The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions.

  狭义相对论引出了许多问题。

  multitude of

  I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky.

  夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

  2、不同的 different

  various['veərɪəs]

  These data have been collected from various sources.

  这些数据是从各方面搜集来的。

  a variety of

  A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port.

  各种重工业沿着港口逐渐发展起来。

  diverse[daɪ'vɜːs]

  People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations.

  人们对于这些新规定抱有不同的态度。

  3、普遍的 common

  commonplace ['kɒmənpleɪs]

  Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts.

  然而即便在最普通的事情上我也琢摸不透你的心思。

  universal[juːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l]

  Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens.

  这类问题是老年人的通病。

  pervasive[pə'veɪsɪv]

  It is the most pervasive compound on earth.

  它是地球上最普遍的化合物。

  4、唯一的 only

  solely['səʊllɪ]

  Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement.

  成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。

  unique[juː'niːk]

  The examples are unique to this dictionary.

  这些例证是这部词典独有的。

  merely['mɪəlɪ]

  You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote. 你只是在背诵自己死记硬背下来的东西。

  5、贫穷的 poor

  needy['niːdɪ]

  Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.

  穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计。

  impoverished[ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt]

  The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy.

  经济崩溃使农村地区的人们一贫如洗。

  in poverty

  He was bred up in poverty.

  他是在贫苦的生活环境中长大的。

  6、富裕的 rich

  wealthy ['welθɪ]

  All of them came from wealthy, upper class families.

  他们全部来自富有的上流社会家庭。

  well-heeled['wel'hi:ld]

  Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off.

  两家人都相当富有,都生活得很舒适。

  well-to-do

  She comes from a well-to-do family.

  她出身于一个小康之家。

  7、大的 big

  vast [vɑːst]

  The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland.

  污染已经使大片地区沦为不毛之地。

  massive ['mæsɪv]

  We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change.

  我们得让工人学习新技能,以应对巨大的技术变革。

  enormous [ɪ'nɔːməs]

  The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea.

  巨大的困难让他对这个主意是否可行持怀疑态度。

  8、新的 new

  brand-new

  Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.

  网上电子地图已成为一种全新的地理信息展示方式。

  fresh[freʃ]

  The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom.

  公司准备在新任领导的带领下开创新局面。

  novel['nɒv(ə)l]

  Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices.

  抗议者找到了抗议油价飞涨的新办法。

  贬义形容词

  1、有害的 harmful

  damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]

  Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

  许多化学物质都对环境有破坏性的影响。

  ruinous['ruːɪnəs]

  The decision has proved to be ruinous.

  事实证明这个决定造成了危害。

  destructive[dɪ'strʌktɪv]

  The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

  这座城市遭受了这场暴风雨的巨大破坏力。

  2、困难的 difficult

  demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]

  He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

  他发现自己已无力应对这份劳神费力的工作了。

  laborious[lə'bɔːrɪəs]

  They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

  他们要完成砍伐大树的艰苦工作。

  formidable['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l]

  He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

  他承担起改革整个系统的艰巨任务。

  3、无聊的 boring

  dull [dʌl]

  The conference was deadly dull.

  会议开得死气沉沉的。

  tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]

  I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

  日复一日做相同的工作让我觉得非常无聊。

  tedious['tiːdɪəs]

  He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

  会读书和思考的人不会感到长夜无聊或者生活乏味。

  4、忧虑的 worried

  anxious ['æŋ(k)ʃəs]

  He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

  他为眼前任务的艰巨性而感到焦虑。

  apprehensive[æprɪ'hensɪv]

  The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

  长时间的耽搁使我相当忧虑。

  fraught [frɔːt]

  It has been a somewhat fraught day.

  这是令人颇为担忧的一天。

  5、沮丧的 sad

  depressed [dɪ'prest]

  She felt very depressed about the future.

  她感到前途无望。

  gloomy ['gluːmɪ]

  They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

  他们发现他情绪低落,无精打采。

  frustrated[frʌ'streɪtɪd]

  Both sides in the dispute appeared very frustrated at the lack of progress.

  争执双方因事情毫无进展而显得十分沮丧。

  6、怀疑的 doubtful

  skeptical ['skeptɪkəl]

  Many were skeptical about this solution.

  许多人对这一解决办法表示怀疑。

  suspicious [sə'spɪʃəs]

  Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

  大多数机构对新想法持怀疑态度,这不难理解。

  incredulous [ɪn'kredjʊləs]

  She gave me an incredulous glance.

  她表示怀疑地向我瞥了一眼。

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(实习编辑:Lin)

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