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新东方托福写作语料库:自主阅读还是规定阅读

2016-03-15 14:07

来源:新东方网

作者:薛鹏

  新东方网托福频道邀请专栏作家薛鹏老师大家分享原创托福写作语料库系列文章,帮助考生思路拓展,积累精彩写作语料。建议阅读背诵原创语料库,关注新东方托福语料库(汇总),祝福大家文思泉涌,妙笔生花,破题如竹!更多精彩内容欢迎持续关注新东方网托福频道。 

  【教育类】

  The reading students do on their own is as important as or more important than that assigned by the teachers 自主阅读还是完成老师布置的阅读作业。(2016年3月11日)

  【头脑风暴】

  少年时代,我暑假阅读的书目是老师推荐的传统正能量的书籍:《红岩》,《地球的红飘带》, 《钢铁是怎样炼成的》等。我读了,但是,并没有受到革命主义的熏陶。令我兴奋是保尔柯察金和冬妮娅初次见面的美好,令我感怀的是他们懵懂的青春爱情。

  高中时代,小鹏哥自由选择,畅游书海,一本书过一天的日子美好而难忘。我依然记得阅读安妮宝贝给我带来的触动:行云流水的文风,弥散悲伤的故事,频繁使用的句号。读到意犹未尽时,在晚上6:00,自己骑着自行车,去联合书城,毫不犹豫地再买一本她的新书……

  【作家立场】“开卷有益”是对的,无论是完成布置的阅读作业,还是随心所欲地阅读心爱的书籍。读书,使我们成熟思想、拓展视野、反思自我。但是,我认为,自主阅读更加值得推荐。

  【思路拓展】

  ➀ 兴趣是最好的老师,阅读自己喜欢的书籍,可以感受更多的快乐,激发阅读兴趣,提高阅读的效率。例如,我喜欢阅读文学,惯性的阅读和思考以及后续的写作练笔,使我成为小有名气的校园作家。

  ➁ 如果学生们一贯地由老师安排阅读任务 ,他们可能失去自由选择的能力 ,一旦老师不再布置阅读任务,他们会茫然不知所措。

  ➂ 老师布置的阅读任务,通常经过了深思熟虑,经过了教学实践的检验,帮助童鞋避免阅读的盲目性。

  【范文赏析】

  【首段】背景介绍 + 作家立场

  Sure enough, to open a book is always beneficial. Reading, by occupying time so constructively, can make us feel contented, with no time for boredom. Whether reading books arranged by teachers or to enjoy our favorite works has sparkled a debate. I always believe that to read books that really interest us can best stimulate our reading zeal and tap our infinite potentials.

  【二段】第一次支持作家立场

  Free reading, as a superior option, has many advantages. It provides relaxation for leisure hours and thus kindles our reading interests. Indeed, interest is the best teacher. To read good books can be a habit-formation only when we find plenty of fun in reading. More precisely, the pleasure of reading lies in reading itself. For example, as a fancier of literature, I used to read a great many literary works. Reading those thought-provoking books stirred my vivid imagination, stimulated my creativity, and deepened my insights into life. On the contrary, I might slacken my efforts at reading and my reading enthusiasm might wither if I was forced to read unfavorite books

  【三段】第二次支持作家立场

  Secondly,students might loose the ability to make independent choice if they only read at the guidance of teachers. By that I mean, it is highly possible that those who only read books recommended by educators will feel at sea once teachers once they lose their exterior incentives. Meanwhile, one man’s meat is another man’s poison. People’s reading tastes differ greatly, some reading assignments designed by teachers, even though are meaty and classic, might fail to arouse every individual’s reading impulses and arouse their sympathies. In this sense, reading might lose its charm.

  【三段】让步对立观点之合理性 + 加以反驳

  Indeed, I have to concede that most reading assignment designed or recommended by teachers have withstood the test of instructional experiment. Those reading lists, in most cases, are carefully chosen. Thereby, to do some reading praised by teachers can help students avoid aimless reading and save precious time. What I want to rebut, however, is that students should be encouraged to make their own reading choices,what educators need to do maybe just provide timely guidance and useful suggestions.

  【尾段】再次亮明观点 + 总结理由

  In sum, my standpoint is that to inspire students to make free reading choices is one of the best approaches to ignite their reading interests and motivate their reading zeal.

  【经典语料】

  1. To open a book is always beneficial. 开卷有益

  2. Reading,by occupying time so constructively, can make us feel contented, with no time for boredom. 阅读,有建设性地利用了时间,使人心满意足,再也没有无聊之感。

  3. stimulate our reading zeal and tap our infinite potentials 激发我们的阅读兴趣,开发我们无限的潜能

  4. provides relaxation for leisure hours 为休闲时光提供了欢乐

  5. To read good books can be a habit-formation only when we find plenty of fun in reading. 只有在阅读中找到快乐的时候,阅读好书才能成为一种习惯。

  6. The pleasure of reading lies in reading itself. 阅读的乐趣在于阅读本身。

  7. reading those thought-provoking books 阅读那些令人思考的书籍

  8. reading enthusiasm might wither 阅读的热情也许会枯竭

  9. the ability to make independent choice 独立做出选择的能力

  10. One man’s meat is another man’s poison. 萝卜青菜,各有所爱。

  11. might fail to arouse every individual’s reading impulse and arouse their sympathies 也许不能激发每个人的阅读冲动,引起每一个人的共鸣

  12. have withstood the test of instructional experiment 经受住了教学实践的检验

  13. help students avoid aimless reading and save precious time 帮助学生避免阅读的盲目性,节省时间。

  14. what educators need to do 教学者需要做的是……

  15. …… is one of the best approaches to ignite their reading interests and motivate their reading zeal …… 是最好的方式之一去点燃他们的阅读兴趣,激发他们的阅读热情。


  〖作者简介〗

薛鹏老师

  薛鹏:(新浪微博:雅思小鹏哥),14岁发表作品,20岁出版作品集《选择坚强》 。吉林大学外国语言学及应用语言学硕士,前长春新东方功勋教师,长春市作家协会会员,新东方网雅思频道、托福频道专栏作家。2006年获得“外研社/朗文杯”新概念背诵大赛吉林省赛区大学成人组冠军,全国总决赛大学成人组亚军。现独创小鹏哥英语工作室。




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