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新东方托福写作语料库:学生们是否应被鼓励玩游戏

2016-02-23 17:12

来源:新东方网

作者:薛鹏

   新东方网托福频道邀请专栏作家薛鹏老师大家分享原创托福写作语料库系列文章,帮助考生思路拓展,积累精彩写作语料。建议阅读背诵原创语料库,关注新东方托福语料库(汇总),祝福大家文思泉涌,妙笔生花,破题如竹!更多精彩内容欢迎持续关注新东方网托福频道。  


  【观点类】

  Some people believe that video games could inspire young students’ interest and make their study more efficient rather than distracting them and a waste of time, so young students should be allowed to play video games. Do you agree or disagree? 有人认为游戏可以激发学生的学习兴趣,提高他们学习效率,而不是分散他们的精力和浪费他们的时间,是否认同? (2016年1月23日)

  【头脑风暴】

  我们已从互联网时代进入到无线互联网时代。手机游戏成为年轻人放松娱乐的重要方式之一。游戏是一把双刃刀,对于玩家而言,在放松消遣的同时,也耽误了宝贵的时间,影响了学习和工作。但是,我们不能因噎废食。

  【作家立场】

  尽管游戏可能给学生们带来一些弊端,但是,只要可以合理安排和控制学生们的游戏时间,阻止他们玩游戏也是没有必要的。

  【思路拓展】

  鼓励孩子们玩游戏的利好

  ① 丰富多彩的游戏节目成为很多学生缓解压力,释放情绪的一种有效方式。设想,孩子们在校努力学习,课后读补习班,作业繁重,鲜有大量的时间休闲娱乐,玩游戏可令学生们暂时忘记现实生活中的烦恼和压力。

  ② 一些竞技类的游戏其实是锻炼玩家的反应能力和布局能力的,因此,学生玩家也会培养多方面能力,例如手眼并用,危机处理,团队协作等。

  ③ 有些游戏的设计,以学习为导向,寓教于乐,让玩家在娱乐中学习知识,这也可以提高他们的学习效率,激发他们的学习热情。

  2 鼓励孩子们玩游戏的弊端

  ① 学生们的主要任务是学习知识,考虑到孩子们的自律性较差,允许孩子们玩优秀容易使他们分散精力,耽误学习。

  ② 过度沉迷游戏有害健康,具体而言,玩家会视力下降,养成懒惰和久坐的生活习惯,不愿从事户外运动,因而导致肥胖。然而,户外运动是更好的方式放松身心,提高学习效率。

  ③ 少儿不宜的游戏内容是精神鸦片。暴力,色情,血腥的信息,对于成长中的年轻人而言,毒害其心灵,误导人生观,诱发暴力冲动,导致校园欺凌或少年犯罪的上升,可能会危害社会。

  【范文赏析】

  【首段】背景介绍 + 争议焦点 + 作家立场

  Computer games like many other prevailing entertaining activities are look down up by many parents as time-wasters. However, it is true that video games have been exerting a peculiar fascination on a great many people young players. Perhaps that is why people differ greatly in their stands as to whether students should be allowed to play video games. As I see it, it is no need to stop students from playing games so long as we properly arrange and control their game time.

  【解析】

  1. Video games have been exerting a peculiar fascination on a great many people young player. 一直以来,电子游戏都对年轻的玩家极有吸引力。

  2. It is no need to stop students from playing games so long as we properly arrange and control their game time. 我认为,只要可以合理安排和控制学生们游戏时间,阻止他们玩游戏也是没有必要的。

  【二段】鼓励孩子们玩游戏的弊端

  To be sure, some problems invariably ensue if students excessively indulge in the computer games. First, violent video games are always blamed by the media as the reason why some teenage players become aggressive and even conduct some anti-social offenses. Also, the craziness about games is physically detrimental because players tend to reduce physical activities, thus, the sedentary lifestyle would increase the likelihood of obesity. Eventually, many parents are worried that the study will be delayed. The sole task of students is to update their knowledge. Youngsters will regret it for the rest of their lives if they fail to utilize their precious youth.

  【解析】

  1. some problems invariably ensue 一些问题随之而来

  2. conduct some anti-social offenses 做出反社会行为

  3. The study will be delayed 会耽误学习。

  【三段】鼓励孩子们玩游戏的利好

  However,there is no reason to throw out the child along with the bath. Seen from the positive aspects, students can still become the beneficiaries of computer games provided that they can play in a proper way. Initially, some mental techniques trained by video games include: quick reaction, teamwork strategy, crisis-solving abilities, hand-eye coordination and so on. This kind of goal-driving experience will influence the players’ future life positively. Also, proper game time can, to some extent, help teenagers relieve their strain triggered by tight academic study. Imaginably, the study efficiency can be improved if one can vent his or her negative emotions. Last, some learning-oriented games can still facilitate students’ study, it is a good thing if players can acquire knowledge in a relaxing way.

  【解析】

  1. This kind of goal-driving experience will influence the players’ future life positively. 以目标为驱动的经历会在未来对玩家产生积极的影响。

  2. The study efficiency can be improved if one can vent his or her negative emotions. 如果一个人可以释放其不良情绪,学习效率也会提高。

  3. Some learning-oriented games can still facilitate students’ study 一些以学习为导向的游戏也会辅助学业。

  【尾段】

  In closing,whether the impacts that computer games exert on players are positive or negative largely depends on how students treat games. There are many benefits for people to play video games, as for students, they should control the time,excessive indulgence is unwise.

  【解析】

  Whether the impacts that computer games exert on players are positive or negative largely depends on how students treat games. 玩游戏的影响是积极还是消极,很大程度上取决于玩家对待它们的方式。

  【作者介绍】

  新东方网专栏作家:薛鹏(@雅思小鹏哥),长春市作家协会会员,高中时代出版诗文集《选择坚强》, 每年创作20万字托福雅思原创语料库以及范文。吉林大学外国语言学及应用语言学硕士。17年英语教学经验 (7年新东方雅思托福SAT教学经历),前长春新东方功勋教师,多次培训出雅思和托福高分学员(雅思写作8分,托福写作29分)。

  爱生活,爱运动,爱音乐电影,爱旅行美食,爱读书摄影,更爱英语教学。20岁登上英语讲台,主讲英语万词速记课程。熟悉GRE、IELTS、TOEFL、SAT、CET等各级别词汇教学。

  大一时即在报刊杂志上主持“英语学习系列谈”以及“薛鹏教你学单词”等专栏。2006年获得“外研社/朗文杯”新概念背诵大赛吉林省赛区大学成人组冠军,全国总决赛大学成人组二等奖。

  对于各类写作课程有精深研究,授课方式行云流水,妙语连珠,知识底蕴深厚,对学员极具有启迪性和激励性。

  教学理念:Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of a fire.(教育不是注满一桶水,而是点燃一把火)

(编辑:Joe)

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