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新东方托福写作语料库:个人衣装是否可以反映其个性

2016-01-20 10:53

来源:新东方网

作者:薛鹏

  新东方网托福频道邀请专栏作家薛鹏老师大家分享原创托福写作语料库系列文章,帮助考生思路拓展,积累精彩写作语料。建议阅读背诵原创语料库,关注新东方托福语料库(汇总),祝福大家文思泉涌,妙笔生花,破题如竹!更多精彩内容欢迎持续关注新东方网托福频道。  

  【观点类】个人衣装是否可以反映其个性

  Do you agree or disagree with the way a person dressed is a good indication of his/her personality or character? 一个人衣装可以反映其个性,是否认同?(2013年6月15日)

  【头脑风暴】

  杨澜说:“作为女人,你必须精致。这是女人的尊严。” 是的,没有人有义务必须透过连你自己都毫不在意的邋遢外表去发现你优秀的内在,可见服饰对个人的意义。你,能够给他人留下第一印象的机会只有一次,第一印象永远在那里。然而,成大事不拘小节。“静水流深”说的是“人不可以貌相。”一个人的美丽外表固然重要,但其内在才华、气质和品格不是可以一眼洞察的,要日久见人心。

  【作家立场】

  不能简单认为一个人的服装可以完全反映其个性。第一印象有时是有误导性的, 经过长期的观察去判断一个人才是值得推荐的。

  【思路拓展】

  ① 激情性格的人喜欢穿时尚艳丽的服装,然而,安静性格的人喜欢穿朴素浅色的服装。人们通常认为衣装整洁者是值得尊敬和彬彬有礼的。

  ②人不可以貌相,很多穿着职业装的人却有截然不同的个性。贫困者可能消费不起高档服饰,但是,这不会影响他是一个善良的人。

  ③大部分的影星在公众眼中可能看起来都是激情四射和热情洋溢的,但是,他们中很多人却是性格内敛,喜欢安静的生活。

  【文章布局】

  首段:背景介绍 + 争议焦点 + 作家立场

  二段:让步原题观点的合理性

  三段:第一次反驳原题观点 + 细节展开

  四段:第二次反驳原题观点 + 细节展开

  尾段:再次亮明观点 + (总结理由)

  【范文赏析】

  【首段】争议焦点+ 争议焦点 + 作家立场

  Fine feather makes fine birds,which means that a well-dressed people never fails to leave the fondest impression on people around him or her. Some people assert that a person’s personality can be indicated by how he or she dresses. Perhaps no issue has led to such an endless debate as to whether or not a person’s character could be perfectly reflected by his or her appearance. As I see it, even though what one wears can convey some information about his or her character, a man must not be judged by his appearance.

  【解析】

  1. Fine feather makes fine birds. 人靠衣装,美靠靓装。

  2. Perhaps no issue has led to such an endless debate as to whether or not …… 也许没有什么像 …… 一样引起人们无休止的争议

  3. As I see it, even though what one wears can convey some information about his or her character, a man must not be judged by his appearance. 我认为,即使人的衣装可以传递一些关于其个性的信息,但是,人不可以貌相。

  【二段】让步段:衣装确实可以在一定程度上反映人的个性

  Indeed, I have to concede that a neat appearance is an embodiment of a person’s qualities and personalities. For example, a passionate person tends to wear trendy and bright-colored clothes. Conversely, a quiet person likes to wear simple and light-colored clothes. Another positive aspect is that a well-dressed person is, in most cases, a respectable and well-mannered person,then,it will make people around him feel at ease, therefore, he is,in most people’s eyes,easy to associate and communicate with.

  【解析】

  1. Indeed, I have to concede that …… 的确,我不能不承认的是……

  2. A passionate person tends to wear trendy and bright-colored clothes 激情性格的人喜欢穿时尚艳丽的服装。

  3. A quiet person likes to wear simple and light-colored clothes. 安静性格的人喜欢穿朴素浅色的服装。

  4. A well-dressed person is, in most cases, a respectable and well-mannered person 人们通常认为衣装整洁者是值得尊敬和彬彬有礼的。

  5. is easy to associate and communicate with v 很容易和其交流和交往

  【三段】反驳段:为何衣装不能反映人的个性

  Notwithstanding all that, we have to remember the old saying that we can never judge a book by its cover, so does the person. Some people have to dress the uniform when they embark on work, in this case, it seems that they look like conservative individuals, whereas they have distinct personalities, some are extraverted while others are introverted. Moreover, a person who is impoverished may fail to afford up-market clothes with his limited money, but it doesn’t mean that he is not a benevolent person. More precisely, he may be more humane and tender-hearted than a gentleman who looks graceful.

  【解析】

  1. We can never judge a book by its cover. 人不可以貌相

  2. Whereas they have distinct personalities. 然而,他们拥有截然不同的个性。

  3. up-market clothes n高档的服装

  4. A person who is impoverished may fail to afford up-market clothes with his limited money, but it doesn’t mean that he is not a benevolent person. 贫困者可能消费不起高档服饰,但是,这不会影响他是一个善良的人。

  5. He may be more humane and tender-hearted than a gentleman who looks graceful. 他也许比看起来优雅的绅士更加仁慈和善良。

  【四段】反驳段:为何衣着不能反映人的个性

  Another convincing argument could also be easily explored. Most superstars seem to be very passionate and enthusiastic when they are presenting a performance in public, virtually, they are not all that kind of people. Some of them actually are quiet people who love to be in a silent atmosphere and live a simple life. So, appearance of a person cannot always indicate his or her personality.

  【解析】

  1. Most superstars seem to be very passionate and enthusiastic. 大部分的影星看起来都是激情四射和热情洋溢的。

  2. The appearance of a person cannot always indicate his or her personality. 个人的外表并非总能反映其性格。

  【尾段】总结立场

  In the final analysis, my stand is that a person’s personality cannot be merely judged by his or her outlooks. The initial impression sometimes might be misleading, it is highly recommended to judge a person after long period of observation.

  【解析】

  1. The initial impression sometimes might be misleading. 第一印象有时候是有误导性的。

  2. It is highly recommended to judge a person after long period of observation. 经过长期的观察去判断一个人才是值得推荐的。

  【作者介绍】

  新东方网专栏作家:薛鹏(@雅思小鹏哥),长春市作家协会会员,高中时代出版诗文集《选择坚强》, 每年创作20万字托福雅思原创语料库以及范文。吉林大学外国语言学及应用语言学硕士。17年英语教学经验 (7年新东方雅思托福SAT教学经历),前长春新东方功勋教师,多次培训出雅思和托福高分学员(雅思写作8分,托福写作29分)。

  爱生活,爱运动,爱音乐电影,爱旅行美食,爱读书摄影,更爱英语教学。20岁登上英语讲台,主讲英语万词速记课程。熟悉GRE、IELTS、TOEFL、SAT、CET等各级别词汇教学。

  大一时即在报刊杂志上主持“英语学习系列谈”以及“薛鹏教你学单词”等专栏。2006年获得“外研社/朗文杯”新概念背诵大赛吉林省赛区大学成人组冠军,全国总决赛大学成人组二等奖。

  对于各类写作课程有精深研究,授课方式行云流水,妙语连珠,知识底蕴深厚,对学员极具有启迪性和激励性。

  教学理念:Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of a fire.(教育不是注满一桶水,而是点燃一把火)

(编辑:Joe)

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