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新东方托福写作语料库:竞技体育是否教会人们生活的经验

2015-09-09 19:03

来源:

作者:薛鹏

  新东方网托福频道邀请特约作者薛鹏老师大家分享原创托福写作语料库系列文章,帮助考生思路拓展,积累精彩写作语料。建议阅读背诵原创语料库,关注新东方托福语料库(汇总),祝福大家文思泉涌,妙笔生花,破题如竹!更多精彩内容欢迎持续关注新东方网托福频道。 

  【观点类】

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:playing sports teaches people lessons about life. 竞技体育教给人们生活的经验,是否同意?

  【作家立场】:竞技体育仅仅是传授人生经验的一种渠道,旅行,独立生活,以及其他很多方式还可以传授人生经验。

  【思路拓展】

  1. 生活经验的学习包括:恋爱技巧、家务管理能力、危机处理能力、自我保护意识、适应能力、生存能力等。

  2. 从竞技体育中可以获得的人生成长:不懈追求完美、团队精神、合作意识、竞争意识、失败后的奋起等。

  3. 其他可以增长人生经验的方式:广泛游历、出国留学、自我创业等。

  【文章布局】

  首段:背景介绍 + 争议焦点 + 作家立场

  二段:第一次支持作家立场

  三段:第二次支持作家立场

  四段:让步对立观点的合理性 + 反驳其不合理性

  尾段:再次亮明观点 + (总结理由)

  【小鹏哥语料库】:

  1. impart life lessons v传授生活的经验

  2. The relentless pursuit of perfection 不懈追求完美

  3. teamwork spirit n团队精神

  4. love-affair skills = love-affair techniques n恋爱技巧

  5. household management ability n家务管理能力

  6. self-protection awareness = self-protection awareness consciousness n自我保护意识

  7. sports events n体育运动

  8. sportsmanship n竞技体育精神

  9. demonstrate= show v 展示

  10. enlarging one’s circle of friends v扩大交友圈

  11. co-ordination n协调能力

  12. strategies n策略

  13. the acquisition of life wisdom n人生智慧的获得

  14. might be seduced into doing sth v 被诱惑做……

  15. consumption trap n消费陷阱

  16. A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. 吃一堑,长一智

  17. crucial competences = valuable abilities n重要的能力

  18. living in a homestay family v 住在寄宿家庭里

  19. cultivate one’s viabilities v培养一个人的生存能力

  20. It is not the sole channel = It is not the only way 这不是唯一的方式

  【原创范文】:

  {首段}背景介绍 + 争议焦点 + 作家立场

  Currently,the awareness of healthier lifestyle enables increasing numbers of people to pay closer attention to physical exercise. A great many people are fond of watching various sports competition or just diving into diverse physical activities. However, people have been debating,for many years, whether or not sports events could help people to acquire more knowledge about life. To voice my opinion, sports could greatly conduce to enriching one’s experience of the world in some aspects, but not in all fields.

  解析:Sports could greatly conduce to enriching one’s experience of the world in some aspects, but not in all fields. 竞技体育,在一些方面,极其有助于丰富人的阅历,但是,不是在所有领域。

  {二段第一次支持作家立场

  For a start,not all the life experiences could be learnt by participating in sports events, the acquisition of life experience still comes from many other channels. One possible way is via traveling. A case in point is that one might be seduced into buying those fake or unqualified goods and thus fall into various consumption traps during the process of taking part in the tour organized by travel agency. However, a fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. One’s self-protection awareness could be raised after the unpleasant and bitter experiences.

  解析:However, a fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. 然而,吃一堑长一智。

  {三段}第二次支持作家立场

  This debate reminds me of my own story. Another crucial ability every individual has to learn is the independent viability. Studying abroad is an effective way for people to develop and cultivate their competences. To illustrate,I stayed in a homestay family in the USA in the summer vacation of 2012, I had to deal with a number of housework by myself such as tidying up the room, doing the washing or cooking for myself. This experience greatly trained my adaptability and viability.

  解析:This experience greatly trained my adaptability and viability. 这段经历极大地锻炼了我的适应能力和生存能力。

  {四段}让步对立观点的合理性

  Indeed, I have to concede that a sea of life experiences, wisdoms and the philosophy of life could be acquired through taking part in sports activities. After all, every sports event has its own charm. Take basketball as an example, every individual including spectators to players could benefit from the performance they appreciate or demonstrate such as the teamwork spirit, co-operation and the spirit of never giving up halfway. Imaginably , these skills can help them in their later lives and also in their further careers. Likewise, the constant efforts after each failure in sports competition could inspire people to brave new challenges. What I want to rebut that, however, is that there are still wisdoms or lessons that could not be obtained by sports events.

  解析:What I want to rebut that, however, is that there are still wisdoms or lessons that could not be obtained by sports events. 但是,我想要反驳的是:有些智慧和经验是不能通过体育运动来学习的。

  {尾段}再次亮明观点 + 总结理由

  In closing, I re-affirm my conviction that although lessons about life could be taught by sports competition, it is not the sole channel. Traveling or living alone and many other ways still have a key role to play in imparting life lessons.

  解析:Traveling or living alone and many other ways still have a key role to play in imparting life lessons. 旅行,独立生活,其他很多方式还可以传授人生经验。


  【作者介绍】

新东方网专栏作家薛鹏老师

  新东方网专栏作家:薛鹏(@雅思小鹏哥),高中时代出版诗文集《选择坚强》, 每年创作20万字托福雅思原创语料库以及范文。吉林大学外国语言学及应用语言学硕士。17年英语教学经验 (7年新东方雅思托福SAT教学经历),前长春新东方功勋教师,多次培训出雅思和托福高分学员(雅思写作8分,托福写作29分)。

  爱生活,爱运动,爱音乐电影,爱旅行美食,爱读书摄影,更爱英语教学。20岁登上英语讲台,主讲英语万词速记课程。熟悉GRE、IELTS、TOEFL、SAT、CET等各级别词汇教学。

  大一时即在报刊杂志上主持“英语学习系列谈”以及“薛鹏教你学单词”等专栏。2006年获得“外研社/朗文杯”新概念背诵大赛吉林省赛区大学成人组冠军,全国总决赛大学成人组二等奖。

  对于各类写作课程有精深研究,授课方式行云流水,妙语连珠,知识底蕴深厚,对学员极具有启迪性和激励性。

  教学理念:Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of a fire.(教育不是注满一桶水,而是点燃一把火)

(编辑:Joe)

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