新东方网留学托福首页托福辅导托福口语正文

托福口语独立部分地点高分语料库

2014-09-23 14:02

来源:新东方网

作者:济南新东方 孟炎

  托福口语评分标准中出了natural、spontaneous、improvised等类似的字眼,译为自然即兴的,也就是说rater评分者更希望看到考生即兴的发挥而不是死板机械的背诵;但是如果考生平时不积累一些相关语料库想必也不会达到信手拈来的地步,为此笔者给大家带来一系列托福独立口语部分中的常见话题语料库,希望大家在背诵的基础上把题目回答的更自然。

  本文给考生带来的是地点语料库。常见题目如你最想去的地方,你所在城市的景点,想跟朋友一起去的地方;当然也会有这样的题目:你是喜欢在大城市读大学还是喜欢在小镇上读大学。乍一看这个题跟地点没有关系,如果我稍加变通就可以用很多跟大城市相关的语料,如果选择在大城市上学的话,生活更方便如可以去fancy restaurant, bars, shopping malls, coffee shops, bookstores等等而在这些地方我们都可以接触很多人,继而可以用如下的语料:meet new people, make new friends, broaden your horizon, get to know local cultures and customs, enrich your experience等等。试看以下关于地点的真题:

  Describe a place that you like best in your city. Please state why you like it with specific examples and details.

  When you are together with your friends, which place would you like to go? Explain why.

  Describe a public area that you visit frequently. Please state why you visit it frequently and include specific examples and details in your explanation.

  Some students prefer to choose universities located in big cities. Others would like to study in universities located in small towns. Please state your opinion and explain why.

  When travelling, some people prefer to reach the destination directly. Some others prefer to stop and look around the scenery along the way. What kind of way of travelling do you think is better and why?

  如果仔细分析以上题目的话不难发现都跟地点息息相关,当然每道题目也有细微的差别,这就需要考生认真分析,更有针对性的利用语料库回答以免跑题。

  海滩是众多考生喜欢用的地方,但是在笔者授课的过程中发现学生不怎么会用细节更加生动形象的回答题目。接下来结合上课使用效果笔者总结一下描述一个海滩城市和大都会类城市可以用到的语料:

  世界著名海滩城市World famous coastal cities:

  泰国皮皮岛:Phi Phi Island, Thailand

  巴西里约热内卢:Rio de Janiero, Brazil

  美国夏威夷、迈阿密:Hawaii, Miami USA

  南非开普敦:Cape Town, South Africa

  中国三亚:Sayan, China

  海滩风景的词:

  banana trees, palm trees(棕榈树), blossom(盛开的花), breeze, paradise(天堂)tropical, laid-back, sunshine, coconut,

  必背句子:

  里约热内卢是个好地方:

  Rio de Janiero is definitely the city that I want to visit, and it's like a treasure. It is a laid-back coastal city with lots of palm trees, banana trees along the beach. I can enjoy the breeze and drinking the coconut with a straw and lying on the beach to appreciate the beauty of mother nature.

  酒吧里面的鸡尾酒Exotic cocktails offer in local bar:

  margarita(玛格丽塔), mojito(莫吉托), long island tea(长岛冰茶)

  必背句子:

  在海滩的酒吧喝起来:

  One can never be disappointed with the exotic drinks offered in these fancy bars, like margarita, mojito, and even long island tea, which is my favorite.

  饭店里的菜品nice food/ culinary delight offered in the restaurants:

  海鲜seafood: salmon (三文鱼), tuna(金枪鱼), scallop(扇贝), clam(蛤);

  意大利面类:spaghetti, pasta, lasagna,

  当然还有:

  taco, hamburger with bacon, beef patties, tomatoes, lettuce and cheese in it, ribs, steak, Chicago style pizza, cheese steaks, Buffalo chicken wings, Macaroni & cheese 等等

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